Blood In Urine – Reasons It Could Happen
Witnessing blood in your urine can be alarming. The presence of blood in urine is a condition known as haematuria. The condition may be caused by underlying kidney or urinary tract damage, or due to cancer. In any case, it is critical to identify the cause of the bleeding.
Types of haematuria-
There are two main types of haematuria:
- Gross haematuria– You have “gross haematuria” if there is enough blood in your urine to cause it to appear pink or red or to have visible blood spots.
- Microscopic haematuria– Microscopically minute amounts of blood in the urine are referred to as “haematuria.” A microscopic examination of a urine sample or a lab test that detects blood is the only way to definitively identify microscopic haematuria.
Causes of Blood in Urine
The presence of a malignant tumour in any portion of your urinary tracts, such as the kidneys, ureter, bladder, or prostate, is one of the primary causes of blood in the urine. In comparison, to an invasive bladder tumour, which occurs when malignant cells invade the bladder wall, a superficial bladder tumour is easily managed since it only affects the surface of the bladder wall. Smoking and ongoing exposure to carcinogens are the causes of bladder cancer.
The cause of kidney stones which are hard deposits of minerals and salts in the urine is a deficiency in urine’s water content. Because kidney stones are frequently rough and spiky, they can irritate the lining of your kidneys. Sometimes because of it; blood can be seen in your urine. You can visit a kidney stone specialist doctor in Chennai for treatment.
One of the most frequent causes of haematuria is infection. Your kidneys, bladder, or urinary tract get affected or the urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder out of the body, becomes infected when germs travel up it. The infection may spread to the kidneys or even the bladder. As Haematuria may be visible or tiny, it typically results in discomfort and frequent urination.
Men’s haematuria might occasionally indicate an enlarged prostate. It’s also known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), and it affects a lot of males over the age of 50. Large blood veins in the prostate gland are prone to rupture when swollen. Haematuria results from this. Both medication and surgery may be used to treat the condition, depending on the patient’s symptoms and prostate size.
Sickle cell anaemia, a congenital haemoglobin deficiency in red blood cells, results in both macroscopic and visible haematuria, or blood in the urine. Alport syndrome, which damages the glomerular filtration membranes in the kidneys, can also do this.
As blood in the urine is a serious condition, it is essential to always consult a doctor. While many surgical options are available, you can even look for kidney stone laser surgery costs in Chennai, if you are opting for laser treatment. Laser kidney stone clinic Chennai Tamil Nadu provides safe and effective procedures.