A kidney stone is known as a solid piece of material that is formed in the kidney from substances in the urine. They are usually made of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate but can also be composed of other substances. While kidney stones can happen for numerous reasons, one such is prostrate. Prostate problems can cause kidney stones because of changes in urinary flow or increased calcium levels in the urine. When these changes occur, calcium-based crystals can form inside the kidneys and eventually turn into stones. Inflammation of the prostate due to infection or other causes can lead to an increase in urinary pH which may also contribute to stone formation. Thus, it is vital to seek prostate problem treatment if you face any similar condition.
Symptoms of Kidney stones
- Severe pain in the back, side, or lower abdomen
- Pain comes in waves and changes in intensity
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in the urine
- Urinating frequently or a strong urge to urinate
- Painful urination
- Cloudy or strong-smelling
- Fever and cold
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see the best urologist in Chennai for an accurate diagnosis.
X-rays are used to diagnose the presence of kidney stones. Common X-ray techniques used to diagnose kidney stones include a plain film X-ray, an intravenous pyelogram (IVP), and a CT scan. The choice of test depends on the size, location, and number of stones, as well as the individual’s medical history and other factors.
X-rays can also show if there is a UTI problem caused due to the stone located in the urinary tract. However, it is important to note that not all stones can be seen on X-rays. In these cases, other imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. It is recommended to consult the best hospital for Kidney Stone.
- The most common treatment for small kidney stones is drinking plenty of water to help flush them out through urination.
- Larger stones may require more aggressive treatments such as shock wave lithotripsy, which uses sound waves to break up the stones; or percutaneous nephrolithotomy, which involves using a scope to remove the stone from inside the body.
- Medication can also be prescribed to help dissolve smaller stones or reduce pain caused by larger ones.
- Surgery may sometimes be necessary if other treatments prove ineffective; however, kidney stone removal surgery carries risks and should be done only when absolutely necessary.
- Minimally invasive treatment like laser is beneficial. Laser Kidney Stone treatment is a new treatment which is considered to be safer, more effective and less invasive than traditional methods.
To reduce the risk of future kidney stones, your doctor may recommend dietary changes, such as reducing salt and animal protein intake and increasing fluid intake.
Thus, it is essential to consult a urologist for kidney stone treatment in Chennai to determine the best approach for your individual case.