Prostate cancer a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland in men, which is a small gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Prostate cancer develops when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow uncontrollably, forming a tumour, and increasing the risk of UTI problems.
Symptoms include difficulty in urine, pain, blood or burning sensation during urination, Pain in the lower back, hips, or thighs, Erectile dysfunction, Loss of bladder or bowel control, or even weakness and numbness in the legs and feet. It is one of the most common types of cancer in men but can often be treated successfully if detected early.
Prostate cancer can be caused by various factors such as age, genetics and family history, hormones, obesity and diet, and smoking and alcohol consumption.
It can increase the risk of kidney stone formation as an enlarged prostate can obstruct the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. In that case, it will be best to visit the best hospital for kidney stones. Treatment for kidney stones includes surgery or Laser Kidney Stone treatment in Chennai. It is best determined after diagnosis in a kidney stone treatment in Chennai.
What Comes After Diagnosis
The first step is to consult with the best urologist in Chennai who specializes in the treatment of prostate cancer. Urologist will recommend further tests to determine the stage and severity of cancer. The stage of prostate cancer is determined by the size of the tumour and its spread to other parts of the body by the Gleason score, which measures the aggressiveness of the cancer cells.
After diagnosis, the next stage involves regular and proper treatment.
Prostate problem treatment
In the early stage, prostate problem treatment may include active surveillance, which involves monitoring cancer with regular check-ups and tests. If cancer grows or spreads, Urologist may recommend surgery or other treatments, including:
- Surgery like prostatectomy, which involves the removal of the entire prostate gland is a recommended option. In some cases, a radical prostatectomy is recommended that involves the removal of the prostate gland and surrounding tissues.
- Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment method that utilizes powerful rays to destroy cancer cells. This treatment option can be used alone or in combination with other therapies and does not involve any invasive procedures.
- Hormone therapy blocks the production of testosterone, which can fuel the growth of prostate cancer cells. This therapy can be utilized on its own or in conjunction with other forms of treatment. Hormone therapy is usually advised for advanced prostate cancer.
- Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments. Chemotherapy is usually preferred for advanced prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Thus, prostate cancer is a critical condition that requires immediate attention and proper treatment. It is necessary to know the risk factors for prostate cancer and to seek medical attention if any symptoms are present.